Health Benefits And Uses Of L-Taurine

Support for Skeletal Muscles and the Cardiovascular System

Taurine Background and Benefits

Taurine is the common name for 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid. It is a common component of animal tissue that comprises up to 0.1 percent of a human's total body weight. Taurine is most highly concentrated in bile and the large intestines.

The German scientists Leopold Gmelin and Friedrich Tiedemann first isolated taurine in 1827 from ox bile, and the name taurine comes from the Latin word "taurus" meaning bull. Taurine is derived from the amino acid cysteine and is chemically known as an amino sulfonic acid, although it's typically referred to as just an amino acid.

Taurine is synthesized by the pancreas in mammals. The most common dietary sources of taurine are meat and fish, so strict vegetarians receive a negligible amount of taurine in their diets. Taurine is also synthesized in commercial quantities, usually by reacting sodium bisulfite with ethylene oxide. The reaction of azirdine in sulfurous acid is a less common means of synthesizing taurine. Commercial uses of taurine primarily include pharmaceutical products and pet food.

Taurine plays an essential role in many parts of the body, especially the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, retina and skeletal muscle. It is specifically used in biological functions such as antioxidation, calcium signaling, membrane stabilization and osmoregulation.

Uses of Taurine

The most common use of taurine in nutritional supplements is to support cardiovascular functions. Early research also suggests that daily supplements of taurine may help to maintain normal liver function. Some studies show that taurine may increase performance in endurance exercises such as running and bicycling.

Endurance

Taurine may improve fat burning and time to exhaustion for endurance exercises due to its role in the initial phase of fat metabolism.

Muscle function

Taurine supports the normal functioning of skeletal muscles.

Cardiovascular health

Taurine may help support heart health and healthy blood pressure.

Liver health

Taurine may help support healthy liver function and maintain healthy concentrations of lipids and free amino acids in the liver.



Signs You May Need Taurine

A taurine deficiency is rare in humans since they normally manufacture taurine naturally. Taurine supplements are most beneficial for people who follow a strict vegetarian diet, as this can prevent them from obtaining adequate amounts of cysteine needed to derive taurine.

People with heart conditions and those with liver conditions may also have low taurine levels. A study of rats that received low taurine diets showed that they were more vulnerable to liver damage from carbon tetrachloride.

Synonyms and Similar Forms of Taurine

L-Taurine, Magnesium taurinate


Health Articles

Get the facts: What’s the Difference between Testicular and Prostate Cancers

We’ve created this infographic to help clear up any confusion. We look at the risk factors for both testicular and prostate cancers, symptoms to look out for and what you can do to help protect yourself against these conditions.  Get the knowledge so you can care for yourself.   The bottom line Prostate and testicular cancers are serious health issues, but the good news is both cancers ha...

Other Ingredients That May Be Of Interest

L-Methionine

Liver Support L-Methionine Background and Benefits L-methionine is an essential amino acid in all multi-celled animals. It must be obtained from diet and food sources since it is unable to be biosynthesized in the body. The minimum daily requirement of L-methionine for an adult male is 13 milligr...

L-Cysteine

Antioxidant Support L-cysteine Background and Benefits L-cysteine is an amino acid that is classified as semi-essential in humans, meaning that the body biosynthesizes adequate amounts of it under normal circumstances. The biosynthesis of l-cysteine requires methionine, which supplies the sulfur ...